Russian dating rituals
Education in the Soviet Union was highly centralized, with the state owning and operating nearly every school.The curriculum was rigid, and the system aimed to indoctrinate students in the communist system.Prior to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, nearly all of the housing stock of urban areas was owned by the state.Indeed, private property was prohibited in urban areas, and in rural areas the size of private homes was strictly limited.Rental payments were kept extremely low and, in most cases, were not enough to pay maintenance costs.Deterioration of housing was rapid and vandalism widespread.In 1991 the country had some 500 institutions of higher education, all of which were controlled by the state.By the beginning of the 21st century, the number of state schools had increased by nearly one-fifth, though many suffered from inadequate state funding, dated equipment, and overcrowding.
Local authorities were responsible for renting arrangements, and in “company towns” the management of state enterprises was given this responsibility.
Conditions improved considerably in owner-occupied housing, as the owners in apartment buildings were able to ensure the enforcement of maintenance rules, but public housing, owing to a lack of funds from local authorities, continued to deteriorate.
In the 1990s many of the housing shortages characteristic of the Soviet period disappeared, and the floor space of homes per person steadily increased, largely the result of a construction boom for private homes.
Higher education is conducted almost entirely in Russian, although there are a few institutions, mainly in the minority republics, where the local language is also used.
Russia’s oldest university is Moscow State University, which was founded in 1755.